A background of chinese language technology and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with old chinese language technological know-how and expertise within the strategy of Human Civilizations and an outline of chinese language technological know-how and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of concerns within the heritage of technological know-how and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with themes on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological parts heavily concerning garments, nutrition, shield and transportation.
This publication is the main authoritative paintings at the heritage of chinese language technological know-how and expertise. it's the Winner of the China ebook Award, the Shanghai booklet Award (1st prize), and the Classical China overseas Publishing undertaking (GAPP, common management of Press and e-book of China) and gives an important source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures provided to best chinese language leaders, which bought very optimistic suggestions. Written by way of most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the heritage of typical Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language companies, the e-book is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the heritage of technology, philosophy of technology and expertise, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Additional info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1
16). (4. 3) the one map of Mongolian map-making technique—Map within the acceptable Codes and documents. initially, it was once connected to acceptable Codes and documents compiled via Yu Ji and others within the 2d yr of Zhishun within the Yuan Dynasty (1331). Later the booklet used to be misplaced. This map was once taken from The Yongle Encyclopedia via Wei Yuan within the Qing Dynasty and connected to his Illustrated Treatise at the Maritime Kingdoms. The map has those good points: (1) Drawing grids with no marking distances; (2) position names are installed grids; (3) The 4 instructions are marked within the 4 corners: north within the decrease correct nook, south within the top left nook, east within the decrease left nook, and west within the higher correct nook. those positive aspects are diverse from the 158 Q. Wang Fig. 15 Map of Western Heartlands of India conventional chinese language means of drawing, probably as a result of affects from Arab (as proven in Fig. 17). (4. 4) the most important map of the realm now existing—The Unified Map of the good Ming. This map is a coloured drawing on silk textile. It used to be drawn within the 2d yr of Hongwu yr within the Ming Dynasty (1389). the writer is unknown. firstly of the Qing Dynasty, all of the chinese language characters at the map have been translated into Manchurian and categorized in line with their degrees. it is a entire map of the Ming Dynasty and neighboring areas. The geological diversity extends to Japan within the east, Western Europe within the west, Java within the south, and Mongolia within the north. The course is up north and down south. this can be the earliest map present with Europe and Africa drawn in it (as proven in Fig. 18). (4. 5) The such a lot entire map of navigation now existing—Zhenghe’s Map of Navigation. the unique identify of Zhenghe’s Map of Navigation used to be Map of Navigating from Shipyard via Longjiang Customs to international nations. it really is 20 cm large and 520 cm lengthy. the unique map was once a protracted folded scroll; while it used to be amassed within the Treatise on Armament, it turned into e-book shape. the total map is split into 24 pages, of which one web page is preface, 20 pages are maps of seas, 2 pages Map of Crossing the sea and Dragging the celebrities, and one clean. The map exhibits the delivery direction Geoscience 159 Fig. 16 Circular map of Zhenghe while he sailed to the Western seas for the seventh time within the fifth 12 months of Xuande (1430) and the geographical stipulations alongside the best way. it's a relatively early map of navigation that's saved in China. The map belongs to the procedure of Compass Navigation Maps, so it has needle positions, variety of hours, direction depths, and notes and attentions. Drawn at the map, there are coastlines and the peaks, harbors, river mouths, dwelling issues, islands, and reefs alongside the coast. The map alters instructions a variety of instances, forming a distinct attribute (as proven in Fig. 19): up south and down north from the shipyard to the Yangtze River estuary, up north and down south past the Yangtze River estuary, and up east and down west past the Bay of Bengal. (4. 6) The selection of maps that was once stimulated via the maps within the Yuan Dynasty and that motivated the West deeply—The Enlarged Terrestrial Atlas.